5. Eros

Eros the Greek god of love. His name means Intimate love. His Roman counterpart is Cupid meaning desire.

There appear to have been two different conceptions of Eros in ancient Greek sources. In the earliest sources, he is one of the Primordial Gods. He is depicted as a young adult male who is involved in the coming into being and ordering of all things in the cosmos.

But in later sources, Eros represented as a child, the son of Aphrodite whose playful antics cause unlikely love affairs.

In spite of his primordial position in these early sources, Eros did not acquire a strongly defined character in mythology or art until late antiquity. A cult of Eros did exist, but it was much less important than the cult of Aphrodite.

In early Greek poetry and art, Eros was depicted as an adult male who embodies sexual power. But in later sources, Eros is depicted in the more familiar form of a child, the child of Aphrodite whose arrows engender passionate love.

In late antiquity, Eros was worshiped in Thespiae by a fertility cult . He shared a very popular cult with Aphrodite, and the fourth day of every month was sacred to him.

He was supposed to be the fourth God to come into being after the after Chaos, Gaia (the Earth), and Tartarus (the Underworld).

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