13. Minerva

Minerva was the goddess of wisdom, war, art, schools and commerce. She was the Etruscan counterpart to Athena of Greece.

Like Athena, Minerva was born from the head of her father, Jupiter (Greek Zeus).

Tinia, Uni and Minerva formed the holy triad equivalent to the Jupiter-Juno-Minerva the Roman Capitoline triad. Minerva was the daughter of Jupiter.

As Minerva Medica, she was the goddess of medicine and doctors.

Minerva was worshiped throughout Italy, though only in Rome did she take on the warlike character shared by Athena.

Her worship was also taken out to the empire — in Britain, for example, she was conflated with Sulis – the local wisdom goddess.

The Romans celebrated her festival from March 19 to March 23.

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