Dr. Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790) was one of the founders of U.S.A.
Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, diplomat, satirist, post master, scientist, musician, inventor, civic activist and a statesman all rolled in one!
As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment. He risked his own life for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity.
He invented the Franklin stove, the lightning rod, bifocal lenses, a carriage odometer and the glass armonica.
He formed both the first public Lending Library in America and the first Fire service in Pennsylvania.
Franklin sought to cultivate his character by a plan of 13 virtues, which he developed at age 20 (in 1726) and continued to practice in some form for the rest of his life.
These 13 virtues are listed in his autobiography.
1. “Temperance. Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation.”
2. “Silence. Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation.”
3. “Order. Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time.”
4. “Resolution. Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve.”
5. “Frugality. Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i.e., waste nothing.”
6. “Industry. Lose no time; be always employ’d in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions.”
7. “Sincerity. Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly, and, if you speak, speak accordingly.”
8. “Justice. Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty.”
9. “Moderation. Avoid extremes; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve.”
10. “Cleanliness. Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, cloaths, or habitation.”
11. “Tranquility. Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable.”
12. “Chastity. Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dullness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another’s peace or reputation.
13. “Humility. Imitate Jesus and Socrates.”